Brunei Darussalam



Brunei Darussalam’s economy is led by the oil & gas sector, which contributes nearly two thirds of the nominal income. Oil & gas exports earn about 95% of Brunei’s export revenues and generate around 90% of government revenue. Per capita GDP, it is one of the highest in the world. Located on the northern shore of the island of Borneo, Brunei Darussalam consists of two unconnected parts, with a total area of 5,765 square kilometres and occupies only 1% of Borneo’s land area. It is bound on all sides by the Malaysian State of Sarawak. To the north there is a 161 kilometre long stretch of coastline next to the South China Sea. The island is also shared with the Indonesian provinces of West, South, East and Central Kalimantan.

Of the total population in Brunei, around 140,000 live in the capital Bandar Seri Begawan. Other major towns are the port of Muara, the oil producing Seria and its neighbouring Kuala Belait. The Panaga area is home to a large expatriate community due to Brunei Shell

Petroleum housing and facilities. The majority of the population live in the eastern part of Brunei, while the remainder live in the mountainous southeastern region, in the district of Temburong. Most of Brunei is within the Borneo lowland rainforest eco-region, which covers the majority of the island. There are also areas of mountain rainforest inland. Culture is deeply connected to religion, with the family being the focal point of the social structure. Islam is the primary religion. The monarchy provides a royal heritage with a direct family line going back to 1405 and this is the only Malay Islamic Monarchy in the world. Bandar Seri Begawan is Brunei’s centre of commerce, finance and government. One of the city’s most prominent features is the Sultan Ali Saifuddien Mosque, a tribute and indication of the nation’s deep rooted Islamic faith. Brunei joined ASEAN on 7 January 1984, becoming the sixth member and hosted the ASEAN Regional Forum in July 2002.

  • Joined ASEAN: 7 January 1984
  • Head of State: His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah
  • Area: 5,765 square kilometres
  • Border countries: Malaysia
  • Coastline: 161 kilometres
  • Capital city: Bandar Seri Begawan
  • Total population: 408,786
  • Population of capital: 140,000
  • Climate: Tropical, hot, humid and rainy
  • Languages: Malay, English, Chinese
  • Religions: Muslim 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, other 10%
  • Ethnic groups: Malay 66.3%, Chinese 11.2%, indigenous groups 3.4%, other 19.1%
  • Monetary unit: Brunei Dollar (BND)
  • Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, timber
  • Major exports: Crude oil, natural gas, garments
  • Major export trading countries: Japan 45.6%, South Korea 16.5%, Australia 11.8%, Indonesia 8.4%, China 4.6%, India 4.8%
  • Major imports: Machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, chemicals
  • Major import trading countries: Singapore 33.2%, China 15.5%, South Korea 12.2%, Malaysia 10.7% Germany 9.6%
  • Internet domain: .bn
  • International dialling code: +673
  • Sources: CIA World Factbook, ASEAN, IMF,,