ASEAN Member States “INDONESIA”
Indonesian GDP growth is expected to remain robust at 6.5% in 2012. Exports, particularly from the
manufacturing sector have surged. Increases in both foreign and domestic investment are supporting this strong growth. The country’s overall balance of payments is expected to remain in surplus, as capital inflows reflect greater FDI. Indonesia consists of over 17,000 islands, about 6,000 of which are inhabited. These are scattered over both sides of the equator. The largest are Java, Sumatra and Borneo, shared with Brunei and Malaysia, New Guinea, shared with Papua New Guinea and Sulawesi. The capital, Jakarta, is on Java and is the nation’s largest city, followed by Surabaya, Bandung, Medan and Semarang.
Indonesia is the most populated of ASEAN’s ten nations and is the world’s 16th largest country in terms of land area, with Java being the world’s most populous island. At 4,884 metres, Puncak Java in Papua is Indonesia’s highest peak and Lake Toba in Sumatra its largest lake, with an area of 1,145 square kilometres. The country’s largest rivers are in Kalimantan and include the Mahakan and Barito.
Indonesia has at least 150 active volcanoes, including Krakatoa and Tambora. Volcanic ash is a major contributor to the vast agricultural fertility that has historically sustained the high population densities of Java and Bali.
Although the main tourist attraction is Bali, many of the country’s best beaches are located on the less known Toglan Islands off the coast of central Sulawesi, Karimunjawa in the Java Sea and the Banda Islands in Maluku Province. Other popular tourist attractions include the temples of Borobudor, the tropical rainforest of Sumatra, the mountainous Lorenze National Park in Papua and West Nusa, home to the Komodo Dragon. Indonesia’s eastern most province of Papua contains 1,500 islands and west of Papua lies the Maluku archipelago, once known as the Spice Islands. Indonesia is perhaps the most culturally diverse of the ASEAN states. There are over 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia. Due to this diverse nature, there is a strong pull towards each person’s ethnic group or place of birth or family. The national motto is “Unity in Diversity”. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies.
- Joined ASEAN: 8 August 1967 (Founder Member)
- Head of State: President Joko Widodo
- Area: 1,904.569 square kilometres
- Border countries: Timor-Leste, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea
- Coastline: 54,716 kilometres
- Capital city: Jakarta
- Total population: 248,216,191
- Population of capital: 9,121,000
- Climate: Tropical, hot and humid. More moderate in the highlands
- Languages: Bahasa Indonesia, English, Dutch, local dialects (of which most widely spoken is Javanese)
- Religions: Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other 3.4%
- Ethnic groups: Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other 29.9%
- Monetary unit: Rupiah (IDR)
- Natural resources: Petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, gold, silver, coal
- Major exports: Oil & gas, coal, electrical appliances, plywood, textiles, rubber
- Main export trading countries: Japan 16.6%, China 11.3%, US 9.1%, Singapore 9.1%, South Korea 8.1%, India 6.6%, Malaysia 5.9%
- Major imports: Machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuff
- Main import trading countries: China 14.8%, Singapore 14.6%, Japan 11%, US 6.1%, South Korea 7.3%, Thailand 5.9%, Malaysia 5.9%
- Internet domain: .id
- International dialling code: +62
- Sources: CIA World Factbook, ASEAN, IMF, Kwintessential.co.uk, Journeymart.com
Indonesia is the only country in Southeast Asia that has bucked the trend of a democracy in trouble. Democracy is blossoming in a country that was once ruled with an iron hand for 30 years. Indonesia has been transformed successfully from an authoritarian state to a regional role model.
Having a GDP size of nearly US$ 550 billion in 2009, Indonesia is the third fastest growing economy in Asia and the largest economy in Southeast Asia. Indonesia’s GDP growth rate is 4.5% in 2009 and is forecast to climb to 5.6% in 2010 and further still to 6% in 2011, providing a case for Indonesia’s inclusion in the so-called BRIC economies.
Stronger Investment Climate
To attract foreign investment, the current Yodhoyono administration has been taking various steps including enacting new Investment Law No. 25/2007 ensures equal treatment to all investors.
One-Stop-Shop (PTSP) and National Single Window (SPIPISE)
The Indonesia Investment Coordinating Board(BKPM) has launched a one-door integrated service (PTSP) and an electronic automation platform for investment licenses and non-licensing services (NSWi) to not only reduce the number of procedures and amount of documentation needed to invest in Indonesia, but also to bypass the need to physically come to the offices to apply for certain services.
Young and Dynamic Workforce
Indonesia’s population is 240 million, the fourth most populous nation in the world. Of the 240 million people, over 50% of the population is under 29 years old, with the same percentage living in urban areas. This offers dynamic labor market, growing at 2.3 million per year. A rapidly urbanizing population also provides strategic pools of labor force.
Abundant Natural Resources
Indonesia has abundant and diverse natural resources such as crude palm oil, natural gas, tin, copper, nickel, gold, coal, cocoa.
Indonesia is a renowned market for resource extraction, seen as even more attractive country than for instance, South Africa, Australia and Canada in terms of prospect of mineral, as per Pricewaterhouse Coopers.
Indonesia is also home to a biodiversity and these resources provide tremendous investment opportunities. Moreover, development potential is far from saturated, particularly in renewable energy.
For more information, please visit at www.bkpm.go.id
Doing Business in Indonesia
- Country Background
- Selected Economic Indicators and Other Statistics
- Operational Costs
- Transportation Costs
- Telecommunication Costs
- Investment Regulation and Procedures
- Expatriate Living Costs
- Employment Regulation
- List of Useful Information
- Other Useful Addresses
- List of Useful Web Site
- Public National Holidays
- Total Material
- Guide Book
- Capital : Jakarta
- National Population : 200 million
- Language : Bahasa Indonesia
ndonesia is a vast and beautifully diverse country consisting of more than 17,000 islands, of which anly about 6,000 are inhabitated, stretching morethan 5,000 kms between the Australia and Asia continental main island and dividing the Pacific and Indian Oceans on the Equator. Indonesia offers the blend of scenic beauty, flora and fun, culture and marine parks.
The main island of Java is the most populous and where the capital city, Jakarta, located. Jakarta is home to millions of people, a varied blend of shops, good museums, great nightlife, nationalistic monuments andbustling port of Old Batavia. The cultural capital of Yogyakarta is relaxed and offers a window to traditional arts and crafts.
It is possible to experience traditional Ramayana theatre in Yogyakarta. Nearby archaeological site of Borobudur and Prambanan is one of the seventh world best heritages located in Central Java. Volcanoes from a backbone to Java with Mounts Bromo and Merapi popular tourist sites. Other Javanese towns of interest include Bogor, Bandung, Surabaya, Solo and Malang.
Just off East Java are the popular island resorts of Bali and Lombok. These tranquil islands are the tropical playgrounds of Idonesia with great beaches, resorts, nightlife, food, shopping and interesting cultural contrast. It is posible to experience Balinese dance and theatre in Ubud, Bali. The islands to the east of Lombok provide an adventurous journey to many varied cultures. Komodo island is the home of the famous dragon reptile and Flores is renowned for its incredible beauty and challenging dives. Sumba is the home of to many intricate ikat textiles and Sulawesi is a cultural melting pot.
The island of Sumatra, the word’s fifth largest, is less settled and featured vast rainforest, orang utans, beautiful Lake Toba and commercial centres of Bukittinggi and Medan.
Kalimantan is the Indonesian part of the island Borneo and its transected by wide rivers and forests for plantations. Several ethnic groups live here and there are opportunities to visit their villages. The travelling is adventurous with enermous distances between settlements.
Irian Jaya is culturally unique even by Indonesian standard to the rest of Indonesia and a part of west Irian province is the most original tourist areas in the world. The scenary ranges from snow capped peaks to vast riverine wetlands with view people in between.
Indonesian food varies from region to region but it is cheap, easily accessible and fresh. Fresh fruit is a highlight. Indonesian love to watch and play badminton and football. The diverse culture ensures many diverse holidays most of which are related to religious calendars.
For more information, please visit http://www.indonesia.travel